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Nutrition, Exercise and Less Stress
Cells are the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, typically microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Within each cell are the instructions required to direct their activities, contained within the chemical deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), is a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information. DNA in humans is made up of approximately 3 billion nucleotide bases, which reside in the 23 pairs of chromosomes within the nucleus of all our cells. There are four fundamental types of bases that comprise DNA – Adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). Within the 3 billion bases, there approx. 20,000-25,000 genes. Genes are specific sequences of bases that provide instructions on how to make important proteins – complex molecules that trigger various biological actions to carry out the functions of life Epigenetics is defined as the study of changes in organisms caused by modification of gene expression rather than alteration of the genetic code itself.
Epigenetics Controls Genes. Environmental circumstances in life can cause genes to be silenced (turned off/dormant) or expressed (turned on/active). Diet, sleep patterns, lifestyle, who you interact with, exercise and aging are just a few of the epigenetic triggers that can eventually cause chemical modifications around the genes. In certain diseases such as cancer, this is a fundamental issue that is being studied all over the world in an effort to treat people's individual needs, with greater success.
Epigenetic changes can be affected and reversed. With 20,000+ genes, the possibilities are immense! Research and studies are in the works to eventually map every single cause and effect of the different combinations. The implications of this are amazing. Picture a world where we could reverse the gene’s state to reinforce the positive genes while silencing the negative - we could theoretically cure cancer, slow aging, end obesity, and ultimately reverse genetic mutations that cause diseases, such as PJS!
The increased knowledge and technologies in this arena allows us to better understand the interplay between epigenetic change, gene regulation and diseases. This paves the way to the development of more advanced approaches for molecular diagnosis, screening and targeted treatments across the clinical spectrum.
In the course of life, aging processes, environmental and lifestyle factors such as smoking and diet induce biochemical alterations to the DNA, leading to DNA methylation.
In speaking with many physicians, we asked questions regarding any foods that could help assist with our objectives. Their common responses were that eating healthier supports better quality of life and there are currently many studies and activities pertaining to understanding more. Some even went as far as to say that if a person eats better and exercises regularly, they will feel better which then helps with their mood, decision making and lowering of stress levels, all of which contributes to a better overall environment. Important vitamins, minerals and nutrients
Vegetables: Eating vegetables daily will most likely associate you with improved health since vegetables are rich in nutrients.
Sugar: Excessive sugar provides empty calories and excessive sugar may cause diseases.
Omega-3 Fats: Avoiding insufficiencies with essentially fatty acids could improve health.
Refined Carbohydrates: Lacking adequate nutrients could cause rapid spike in blood sugar and insulin.
Unprocessed Food: Whole fruits, beans, grains, seeds, seafood, meats and vegetables that are not processed.
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